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Mexico History

The most important and advanced cultures including those of the Olmecs, Toltecs and Aztecs existed long before the Spanish conquest. Hernando Cortes occupied Mexico throughout the period 1519-21 and established a Spanish colony that lasted nearly 300 years.

The Mexico’s independence was proclaimed by Father Miguel Hidalgo on September 16 1810; this launched a war for independence. In 1821, treatise recognized the Mexican independence from Spanish control and called for a constitutional monarchy. The planned monarchy failed; the republic was proclaimed in December 1822 and established in 1824.

The notable figures in the war of Mexico’s independence were: The father Jose Maria Morelos y Pavón, who organized and was the artifice of the second part of war; Gen. Augustin de Iturbide who defeated the Spaniards and ruled as Mexican emperor from 1822-23; and the politician an military man Gen. Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana who went on to control Mexican politics from 1833 to 1855.

In Mexico, Santa Ana was the leader in the course of the conflict with Texas which declared itself independent from Mexico in 1836 while ever while Mexico war with the United States from 1846 to 1948.

The Hapsburg monarchy's rule of Mexico (1864-67) broken up the The presidential terms of Benito Juarez (1858-71). After that, the Archduke Maximilian of Austria, whom Napoleon III of France designated as Emperor of Mexico was dethroned by Juarez and murdered in 1867. General Porfirio Diaz was president several years of the period between 1877 and 1911.

From 1910 to 1920, Mexico had severe social and economic problems, in this episode of Mexico’s history the revolution erupted and gave rise to the 1917 constitution. Mexico had notable leaders in this period, some of them were rivals for power; they ware: Francisco I. Madero, Venustiano Carranza, Pancho Villa, Alvaro Obregon Victoriano Huerta and Emiliano Zapata.

In 1929 was formed The Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), nowadays, under a diverse name remain to be the most important political power in the nation. It rose as an alliance of conveniences after the pandemonium of the revolution as a medium for keeping political opposition in diplomatic channels. During almost 70 years the PRI take control of the national government of Mexico, which has won each presidential contest and most gubernatorial competitions.

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