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Oaxaca Travel Guide

The City of Oaxaca

The city of Oaxaca is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of the same name (formally: Oaxaca de Juárez, in honor of 19th-century president and national hero Benito Juárez, who was born nearby). It is located in the Oaxaca Valley in the Sierra Madre del Sur Mountains, at 17°05'N 96°45'W near the geographic center of the state, and at an altitude of about 1550 m (5000 feet).

The prominent Monte Albán archaeological site is near to the city. As of the 2005 census, the official inhabitants of the city were 258,008 people. With its surrounding municipality, the total rises to 265,033. Nevertheless, the Oaxaca metropolitan area, which includes seventeen different municipalities, had a population of 500,970 inhabitants. Oaxaca municipality has an area of 85.48 km² (33 sq mi).

The City of Oaxaca offers to tourists a immense colonial architecture, comprising the Santo Domingo Temple, the Rufino Tamayo Museum of Prehispanic Art, the Macedonio Alcala Theater, the Lesser Basilica of Nuestra Señora de la Soledad, the Cathedral, the Government Palace, and the House of Cortes. You can also see a diversity of musical bands performing in the traditional "kiosco" and the "Alameda." In the nearby areas of the capital city, tourist can visit numerous attractive towns, many of which have prominent archaeological sites. For the entire state are markets and you can buy crafts and objects of traditional art.

From Oaxaca is incredibly simple to travel to great cities with pre-Hispanic wonders (Monte Albán, Mitla, Yagul, Lambityeco), Santa María de Tule and its millenary tree, and the towns where the magnificent former Dominican convents stand: Yanhuitlan, Teposcolula, Coixtlahuaca, Tamazulapan, Tlacochahuaya, or Tlacolula. A half-hour commercial flight connects the city with the coast’s paradises - the Bays of Huatulco (Bahias de Huatulco), "Puerto Escondido" (Hidden Port) and on the new highway Mexico City is less than five hours away which gives simple access to the mountainous region of Mexico. The most important tourist alternative of Huatulco, on the state's southern coast, also boats an international airport.

Oaxaca Travel Guide
Oaxaca Travel Guide

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